Plant Name:
Andrographis paniculata

Plant Part Used:
Stem

Common Name:
Kariyat, Creat

Tamil Name:
Nilavembu

Medicinal Usage:
1. The plant is used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic drug for the treatment of fever, cold, laryngitis, diarrhea and inflammation. 2. It has also been used traditionally for sluggish liver as an antidote in case of colic dysentery and dyspepsia. 3. It is used as a bitter tonic, antispasmodic, antiperistaltic, stomachic and antihelmintic. 4. It has multiple pharmacological properties such as antiprotozoal, hepatoprotective, anti-HIV, antiinflammatory, antipyretic, anticancer, antitumor, hypoglycemic, hypotensive activities and has been used for the treatment of snake bites.

Chemical Constituents:
1. Andrographolide (CID:5318517) 2. Neoandrographolide (CID: 9848024) 3. 14-Deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (CID: 9905648) 4. Andrographiside (CID: 44593583) 5. Andropanoside (CID: 44575270) 6. Andrograpanin (CID: 11666871)

Reference:
1.Kulyal, P., Tiwari, U. K., Shukla, A., & Gaur, A. K. (2010). Chemical constituents isolated from Andrographis paniculata. 2.Roy, S., Rao, K., Bhuvaneswari, C. H., Giri, A., & Mangamoori, L. N. (2010). Phytochemical analysis of Andrographis paniculata extract and its antimicrobial activity. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 26(1), 85.
Plant Name:
Abrus precatorius L.

Plant Part Used:
Leaves, root, seeds

Common Name:
Rosary pea

Tamil Name:
Kundumani

Medicinal Usage:
1.Glycyrrhizin is expectorant, anti-allergenic and anti-inflammatory.

Chemical Constituents:
1. Abrin (CID: 160511) 2. Glycyrrhizin (CID: 14982)

Reference:
1.Marimuthu, K., Nagaraj, N., & Ravi, D. Analysis of Phytochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Potential of Abrus precatorius l Seeds.
Plant Name:
Acacia catechu

Plant Part Used:
Fruit, bark, shoot

Common Name:
Cutch Tree

Tamil Name:
karunkali

Medicinal Usage:
1. Diarrhoea, swelling, throat infection, bleeding, cancer, dysentery, indigestion, osteoarthritis, skin diseases, hemorrhoids, and traumatic injuries, sore throat, and mouth ulcers.

Chemical Constituents:
1. catechin (CID: 9064) 2. epicatechin (CID: 72276) 3. caffeine (CID: 2519) 4. Rhamnetin (CID: 5281691) 5. fisetinidol (CID: 442397)

Reference:
1.Li, X., Wang, H., Liu, C., & Chen, R. (2010). Chemical constituents of Acacia catechu. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi= Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi= China journal of Chinese materia medica, 35(11), 1425-1427. 2.Negi, B. S., & Dave, B. P. (2010). In Vitro antimicrobial activity of Acacia catechu and its phytochemical analysis. Indian journal of microbiology, 50(4), 369-374.
Plant Name:
Acacia farnesiana

Plant Part Used:
bark,leaves,heartwood,gums,roots

Common Name:
Mimosa bush, Needle bush, Cassie flower, Fragrant acacia, Ironwood, Sweet acacia, Sweet wattle

Tamil Name:
Kadivel, Kasthurivel, Pikkaruvel

Medicinal Usage:
1. Various parts of plant are used for medicinal purpose such as dysentery, dyspepsia, inflammation, aphrodisiac, arthritis (China), snake bite, rabies, sore, sterility, epilepsy, insanity, nausea, ophthalmia, tuberculosis, urinary disorders etc. 2. The plant has astringent, demulcent, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. 3. The gum exuding from the bark is used as a good substitute for Gum Arabic.

Chemical Constituents:
1. Flowers: Isorhamnetin-3, 7-glucorhamnoside, gallic acid, ellagic acie, m-digallic acid, methyl gallate, kaempferol, aromadendrin, naringenin, kaempferol-7-diglucosie, naringenin-7-glucoside and a new glycoside, probably naringenin-7-diglucoside acylate with gallic acid.2.Pods: naringenin-7-O-?-D-(6?-O-galloyl) glucopyranoside (purin-O-6?-gallate); rutin and apigenin-6, 8-bis-C-glucopyranoside (0.4%).3.Seeds: amino acid N-acetyl-L-djenkolic acid.4.Leaves: tannins, alkaloids, rutin and apigenin-6, 8-bis-C-glucide, cyanogens, linamarin, lotaustralin.

Reference:
1.Leal, L. S. S., Silva, R. O., Araujo, T. S. L., Silva, V. G., Barbosa, A. L. R., Medeiros, J. V. R., ... & Ventura, C. A. (2016). The anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of proteins extracted from Acacia farnesiana seeds. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 18(1), 38-47.
Plant Name:
Acalypha indica

Plant Part Used:
leaves

Common Name:
Indianacalypha, Indian nettle, three-seeded mercury,Muktajhuri,Indiancopperleaf,KucingGalak, Cika Mas

Tamil Name:
Poonamayakki, Kuppaimeni

Medicinal Usage:
1.A paste made from the leaves of Acalyphaindica, when applied on the affected areas is useful for relieving skin conditions like eczema, scabies, sores and wounds. 2.Because of its antibacterial properties, Acalyphaindica is used as a remedy for relieving acne and pimples. 3.A mixture of turmeric and the paste of Acalyphaindica leaves are found to be helpful in soothing acne.4.The leaf sap Acalyphaindica is used as eye drops in some countries for getting rid of eye infections. 5.It has antibacterial,anti-diabetic and anti-oxidant properties. 6.The leaves of the plant provides relief from the pain and symptoms caused by rheumatic arthritis.

Chemical Constituents:
1.kaempferol (CID: 5280863) 2. triacetonamine (CID: 13220) 3. acalyphine (CID: 158003) 4.acalyphamide(CID: 102146496) 5.2-methylanthraquinone (CID: 6773) 6.tri-O-methyl ellagic acid 7. ?-sitosterol( CID: 222284) 8. ?-sitosterol glucoside 9.stigmasterol(CID: 5280794) 10. n-octacosanol(CID: 68406 ) 11. quinine (CID: 637552) 12. tannin(CID:76419085) 13.resin (CID: 124980)

Reference:
1.Jagatheeswari, D., Deepa, J., Ali, H. S. J., & Ranganathan, P. (2013). Acalypha indica L-An important medicinal plant: A review of its traditional uses and pharmacological properties. International Journal of research in botany, 3(1), 19-22. 2.Kumar, P., & Nirmalababurao, A. Antimicrobial, Antioxidant Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Acalypha indica Crude Leaf Extract.
Plant Name:
Achillea millefolium L.

Plant Part Used:
Aerial parts

Common Name:
Common Yarrow

Tamil Name:
Achchiliya

Medicinal Usage:
1.Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, lowers blood pressure, arrests bleeding, antispasmodic, bitter tonic; usful to regulate menstrual cycle, eases period pain, also useful in colds, flus digestion, colic and fever.

Chemical Constituents:
1. Salicyclic acid (CID: 338) 2. Tannins (CID: 76419085) 3. Coumarin (CID: 76419085)

Reference:
1.Georgieva, L., Gadjalova, A., Mihaylova, D., & Pavlov, A. (2015). Achillea millefolium L.-phytochemical profile and in vitro antioxidant activity. International Food Research Journal, 22(4).
Plant Name:
Achyranthes aspera Linn.

Plant Part Used:
Entire plant

Common Name:
Chaff-flower

Tamil Name:
Shiru kadaladi, Nayuruvi

Medicinal Usage:
1. It is expectorant, bitter, acrid, revulisive, digestive, stomachic, laxative, carminative, anodyne, depurative, sudorific, demulcent, anthelmintic, haemantic and anti-inflammatory. 2. It is used in asthma, cough, bronchitis, flatulence, colic, dropsy, vomiting, leprosy, skin diseases, pruritus, strangury, helminthiasis, vesical and renal calculi, cardiac disorders and anaemia.

Chemical Constituents:
1. Betaine (CID: 247) 2. oleanolic acid (CID: 10494)

Reference:
1.Priya, C. L., Kumar, G., Karthik, L., & KV, B. R. (2012). Phytochemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activity of Achyranthes aspera Linn (Amaranthaceae) leaf extracts. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 8(1), 143-156. 2.Vetrichelvan, T., & Jegadeesan, M. (2003). Effect of alcohol extract of Achyranthes aspera Linn. on acute and subacute inflammation. Phytotherapy research, 17(1), 77-79.
Plant Name:
Aconitum heterophyllum

Plant Part Used:
leaves, seeds, roots

Common Name:
Indian atees

Tamil Name:
ati vidayam

Medicinal Usage:
1.It helps to relieve swelling, edema, anti inflammatory,vomiting, ama ? a product of indigestion and altered metabolism,diarrhea. 2.it is used as an anti-toxic

Chemical Constituents:
1.Atidine , hetisine, heteratisine ,Diterpene alkaloids , heterophylline, heterophylline ,heterophyllidine heterophyllisine, hetidine, atidine & ,Atisenol, a new entatisene diterpenoid lactone from roots. 2.F-dishydr?atisine, hetidine, hetisinone, heteratisine, hetisine, benzylleteratisine, beta ?sitosterol, carotene and 3? isoatisine from rhizomes

Reference:
1.Khurshid, S., Amjad, M. S., Malik, K. F., & Sabir, S. (2015). Clinical and therapeutic potential of Aconitum heterophyllum. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 3(12), 1003-1005. 2.Shyaula, S. L. (2011). Phytochemicals, traditional uses and processing of Aconitum species in Nepal. Nepal J Sci Technol, 12, 171-178.
Plant Name:
Acorus calamus L.

Plant Part Used:
Rhizome

Common Name:
Sweet Flag, calamus

Tamil Name:
Vashambu, pullai-valathi

Medicinal Usage:
1. The rhizomes have been used to cure several diseases like fever, cough, arthritis, asthma and bronchitis, and as a sedative. 2. The roots and rhizomes are used for nervous diseases and disorders,whereas the rhizome is especially indicated in cases of neurological symptoms of the brain.

Chemical Constituents:
1. beta-Asarone (isoasarone)(CID: 5281758) 2. alpha - Asarone (CID: 636822) 3. elemicine (CID: 10248) 4. Cis-Isoeugenol (CID: 1549041) 5. Trans-Isoeugenol (CID: 853433) 6. Camphene (CID: 6616)

Reference:
1.Raina, V. K., Srivastava, S. K., & Syamasunder, K. V. (2003). Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas. Flavour and fragrance Journal, 18(1), 18-20. 2.Devi, S. A., & Ganjewala, D. (2009). Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus (L.) rhizome and leaf extract. Acta biologica szegediensis, 53(1), 45-49.
Plant Name:
Actaea racemosa Linn.

Plant Part Used:
Root

Common Name:
Black snakeroot, bugwort

Tamil Name:

Medicinal Usage:
1. It is used in arthritis, diarrhea, dieresis, dyspepsia, kidney problems, malaria, snake bite and as an insect repellant. 2. It is used for treating a variety of female health problems, particularly menopause Black cohosh decrease the inflammation produce due to the arthritis.

Chemical Constituents:
1. 27-deoxyactein (CID: 10974362) 2. tannins (CID: 76419085) 3. salicylic acid (CID: 338) 4. formononetine (CID: 5280378)

Reference:
1.Li, W., Sun, Y., Liang, W., Fitzloff, J. F., & Van Breemen, R. B. (2003). Identification of caffeic acid derivatives in Actea racemosa (Cimicifuga racemosa, black cohosh) by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry, 17(9), 978-982.