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Achilles tendonitis is inflammation of the Achilles tendon which is at the back of the heel and joins the calf muscle to the heel bone.
- discomfort or swelling in the back of your heel
- tight calf muscles
- limited range of motion when flexing your foot
- skin on your heel overly warm to the touch
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is another form of inflammatory arthritis. Its symptoms are centred around pain and inflammation in the joints of the lower back. Ankylosing means stiffening; spondylitis means inflammation of the spine. If left untreated the joints of the spine may become fused and lose their movement.
- Chronic pain and stiffness in the lower back, buttocks and hips (usually develops slowly over several weeks or months).
- Pain and stiffness that worsens during periods of rest or inactivity and improves with movement and exercise
- Back pain during the night or early morning
- Feeling very stiff in the morning
Fibromyalgia is another common types of arthritis that causes widespread and severe pain aching and fatigue but affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons rather than the joints. It may affect one part of the body or several different areas such as the limbs, neck and back.
- Pain and tender points
- Sleep problems
- Concentration and memory problems
- Anxiety or depression
- Morning stiffness
- Numbness, and tingling in hands, arms, feet, and legs
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Painful menstrual cramps
Gout is a kind of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid crystals in the joints. Uric acid is a breakdown product of purines that are part of many foods we eat. An abnormality in handling uric acid and crystallization of these compounds in joints can cause attacks of painful arthritis, kidney stones, and blockage of the kidney filtering tubules with uric acid crystals, leading to kidney failure
- Intense joint pain
- Lingering discomfort
- Inflammation and redness in toes
Infectious arthritis is a form of arthritis caused by an infection in the joint. It is also called septic arthritis. Most types of infectious arthritis are caused by bacteria. The most common of these is Staphylococcus aureus (staph), a bacterium that lives on even healthy skin. Infectious arthritis can also be caused by viral or fungal infections. In most cases, infectious arthritis develops when an infection somewhere else in the body travels through the bloodstream to the joint. Less commonly the infection enters the joint directly through a puncture wound or surgery on or near the joint.
- The most common symptoms of infectious arthritis are intense swelling and pain, usually in a single joint.
- In about half of all cases, infectious arthritis involves the knee, but hips, ankles and wrists are also commonly affected.
- Less commonly, infectious arthritis affects more than one joint.